By info
February 21, 2011
Category: Uncategorized
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Gingivitis

The first of diseased gum tissue is known as gingivitis. Bleeding and inflammation is present, along with tenderness when you brush. Gingivitis is the only stage of gum disease that is reversible. Maintaining regular six month cleaning appointments and proper brushing and flossing techniques can reverse this stage of gum disease.

 

Periodontitis

When gingivitis is left untreated, the bacterium morphs into a destructive agent which can damage the surrounding bone and supporting ligaments. Your teeth are suspended by these ligaments that attach to the bone. Receding gum tissue and bone loss can result from periodontal disease. Once periodontal disease has been diagnosed, it is permanent; however, it can be maintained and managed. More frequent cleanings may be needed to control the disease. A more involved cleaning procedure called scaling and root planing may need to be performed to treat periodontal disease. Scaling and root planing requires the gum tissue to be anesthetized and the hygienist to scale the hardened plaque(calculus) off of the root structure of the tooth. This will stop any further bone and ligament destruction and return the tissue to a healthy and manageable state.

 

Advanced Periodontitis

If periodontitis is left untreated, the final stage of gum disease has advanced, sometimes beyond repair. Destruction of the bone and ligaments leads to loose teeth and possible shifting of the teeth. If too much bone destruction is present, your teeth will need to be extracted. The bacterium present in advanced periodontal disease has been linked to stoke and cardiac arrest.

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